Intervention studies are aimed at developing, adapting, implementing, or testing the efficacy or effectiveness of a clinical intervention, or an intervention in the organization of services or education.
Research conducted by members of the network address three major domains of intervention research:
Refers to an action, a set of actions or a program of care that falls within the scope of professional nursing practice and is provided to patients, families, groups or populations.
The expected outcomes of the intervention could include physical, psychological, social or other patient-related clinical outcomes. Clinical outcomes may also include quality of patient care indicators (e.g. complications, falls, and pressure ulcers) and use of services (e.g., cancer screening, physician visits, and hospitalizations). The evaluation of clinical outcomes refers to the evaluation of the effects of interventions on patients, not on nurses, students, services or organizations. The development and evaluation of a measurement tool for evaluating clinical outcomes is also included.
Refers to a set of activities which may be related to organizational models, strategies to attract nurses, deployment and utilization of material and human resources dedicated to care, new forms of work organization, the introduction and use of information technology and communications, changes in the work environment of health care providers, or the implementation of organizational practices to support the management and delivery of nursing services.
The expected outcomes of the intervention could include: optimizing the use of material and human resources dedicated to care (i.e., retention and stability, role clarity, autonomy, collaboration); optimization of care processes (accessibility, continuity, comprehensiveness, quality of service), patient safety, optimizing the environment in which services are provided; improving the condition of patients.
Refers to any activity or educational program, including a strategy, a pattern or practice of learning, teaching or nursing assessment, conducted among nurses or nursing students.
The expected outcomes of this intervention could include: the quality of learning, the development of nursing skills (clinical judgment, leadership, discipline, etc.), or skill levels (access to a more advanced stage of expertise). Clinical outcomes could include the quality of care, patient safety, or utilization of services.
Can be conducted in any of the three domains of research listed above (e.g.: implementation of clinical practice guidelines and assessment of clinical outcomes, or a Cochrane review on the effects of intervention). If the intervention is nurse oriented (e.g., knowledge transfer), it must include at least one clearly identified measure of a clinical patient outcome.